Learning & Teaching Foreign Languages



Modelling consists in the imitation of another's behavior.  This term was coined by Albert Bandura in his theory of reciprocal determinism.  He saw imitation or modelling as a major source of learning, and demonstrated  the effect of this type of observational learning in the famous Bobo doll experiments.

Bandura set four conditions for observational learning: the learner must


  1. pay attention to the behavior
  2. retain or remember the behavior
  3. be able to replicate it, and
  4. have the motivation to do so.


  1. Watch : The Bobo doll experiments
  2. Read more : Bandura

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