Learning & Teaching Foreign Languages

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Constructivism

GENERAL LEARNING THEORY

Constructivism is a branch of cognitivist theory which focuses on the active role of the learner in the process of learning.  Early constructivist thinkers and concepts pre-date the cognitive revolution of the 1950s, as John Dewey's notion of experiential education and Frederick Bartlett's schematic account of memory demonstrate.  Piaget's key concepts of adaptation and disequilibration had a profound influence on education in the latter half of the twentieth century, and later constructivist notions such as Bruner's scaffolding and Bandura's self-efficacy are relevant to both general learning and second language acquisition research today.

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