Learning & Teaching Foreign Languages

Chargement du moteur de recherche...

Pattern practice


Pattern practice involves the manipulation of syntactic structures by learners in order to facilitate memorisation and the formation of second language habits.

In the audio-lingual method, the teacher presents a structure which learners transform by substituting different elements of a particular paradigm. Here is an example of short affirmative answers, substituting the personal pronoun :

Is John busy? YES, HE IS.
Is the secretary busy? YES, SHE IS.
Is the telephone busy? YES, IT IS.
Am I right? YES, YOU ARE.
Are you and John busy? YES, WE ARE.
Are the students homesick? YES, THEY ARE.
Are you busy? YES, I AM.


(Lado & Fries, 1957, cited in Oller, 1979)


  1. Classroom illustration: Contrast
  2. Read more: Lado

Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional