Learning & Teaching Foreign Languages

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Automaticity

Read and Reflect

Read Automaticity: A learned advantage to find the major differences between automatic and controlled processing.

What are the implications for teaching and learning (or for the instructional designer and the client, in the text)?


ANSWERS

1. What are the major differences between automatic and controlled processing?

Controlled processing needs a great deal of attention, imposing a heavy cognitive load and requiring effort: it results in slow performance with errors.  Automatic processing is faster and more accurate, while requiring less attention and effort.

2. What are the implications for teaching and learning?

Teachers need to identify areas where automatic processing is necessary or desirable, and then design materials and activities to promote automatization.  Learners need to understand how much time is necessary to achieve efficient language processing, with fluent and accurate production.
 

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