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Vygotskyan theory

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Watch this video on Vygotsky's developmental theory and answer the following questions.

1. What three main notions constitute Vygotsky's developmental theory?

2. What is the ZPD and why is it important?

3. In what sense can Vygotsky be considered to have been an outsider?

4. What did his experience show him about social context?
 

ANSWERS

1. What three main notions constitute Vygotsky's developmental theory?

learning skills can hasten development

language plays a role in development

social context is essential

2. What is the ZPD and why is it important?

The zone of proximal development represents the distance between what a learner can achieve independently and what he or she can accomplish in assisted performance.  This is the area where teaching should focus if the learner is to make progress.

3. In what sense can Vygotsky be considered to have been an outsider?

As a Jew in Tzarist Russia, he suffered discrimination and was one of the lucky few to be offered higher education.

4. What did his experience show him about social context?

His observation of the meeting of non-technical cultures with industrially advanced cultures showed him that social context influences both how and what we think.

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